As we have established, water pollution is the introduction of harmful material known as pollutants into water bodies such as lakes, rivers, streams, among others. This contamination will result in the water being unfit for both human and animal consumption and this is a risk to the survival of both.
Some of the main causes of pollution of water sources arechemical based agricultural pesticides, industrial wastes, domestic garbage, and commonly used chemical based insecticides.
These are 7 ways we can use to prevent water pollution.
Enforcing pollution laws
All countries have laws that regulate pollution and these are laws that are internationally recognized and greed upon. A country’s leadership should therefore make a deliberate effort to ensure these laws are strictly enforced. Citizens should also go through civic education so that they are aware of the existence of these laws and why they are important.
Through treatment of sewage
It’s advisable for us to purposefully develop better ways of treating sewage from households in a way that is environmentally safe. Whether in big cities or small town, the idea is to set up measures to ensure that sewage from households does not get into contact with natural water sources. It’s therefore advisable to construct a pit that is far from any rivers, wells and other natural water sources, or develop a sewage treatment facility.
Treating waste before it’s discharged
As a rule, factories should be forced to treat allwaste material before it’s discharged into the environment. This should especially be a requirement for toxic material which have to be treated and converted using certain chemicals into harmless material. Factories should be encouraged to set up recycling plants to limit discharge of its effluents.
Establishing treatment plants
As a way of reducing contaminants in waste water before it’s introduced into the environment, it’s important to have these waste go through a treatment plant. This is especially important for cities, small towns as well as factories which emit effluent material. The purpose of a treatment plant is to filter out material that can’t dissolve in water, as well as using certain chemicals to separate unwanted material and other chemicals. Water that has been treated can then be reused to irrigate farming fields around the treatment plants.
Enhanced public awareness
It’s important to enhance the level of public awareness on the effects and importance of tackling pollution. Both governments and the civil society should work together in public awareness campaigns so that this message can spread far and wide. This is a global challenge that needs a global response from all stakeholders. Different methods can be used to enhance public awareness such as the mass media, social media, edutainment in schools and at home, and many more.
Reducing pollution is the responsibility for all humans because we each have a stake on earth and we all need clean water for our survival.