4 simple ways to purify your water

Because of the existence of many contaminants, water from natural sources is often not safe for human consumption unless it first goes through some form of purification. It’s only after this has been done that you can drink the water.

Let’s take a look at 4 simple techniques of water purification.

Boiling the water

Boiling water is one of the most reliable ways of purifying water. Exposing the water to high temperatures will kill most known contaminants thereby making the water safe for drinking. It’s one of the easiest water purification techniques that is used world over.

Purification using iodine

Using iodine either, its solution or its tablet form is another effective technique of water purification. Iodine has the capability of killing a wide range of bacteria and viruses that are known to contaminate water. The only downside is that it may leave water with an aftertaste that most people don’t like.

Purification using chlorine

Chlorine is a chemical element with the ability to kill bacteria. It’s one of the widest used water purification techniques globally. The only point of caution is that chlorine can also be poisonous if used in excess quantities therefore plenty of caution is necessary.

Use ofultraviolet light

Ultraviolet light is known to have bacteria killing properties therefore making it a good technique for water purification. You are simply required to run your ultraviolet light above your water for a couple of minutes and it will eliminate the bacteria. This is a convenient water purification method because your UV source is mostly portable meaning you can carry it around with you.

All these methods are effective when cleaning clear water, however, when dealing with unclear water, you will need to first filter it to remove all solid contaminants then apply any of the above purification methods. These are purification techniques that can be applied in any part of the world and will make the water safe for human consumption.

info1 - 4 simple ways to purify your water
Infographic by: shamrockplumbing.net

These are the 5 main natural water sources

Water is a natural resource that we can’t live without. All humans need water on a daily basis for their survival. The question however is do we know where this important resource comes from? It’s important for us to understand where our water comes from so that we can have a better appreciation for this important resource.

Here are the 5main natural water sources.

#1 Marine sources

1 - These are the 5 main natural water sources
Marine sources of water are basically the oceans and seas which cover about 71 per cent of the earth. This is actually the largest source of water estimated to be about 1.3 billion cubic kilometers of salty water.

#2 Rain water

2 - These are the 5 main natural water sources
Here is where things get scientific. The water on the surface of the earth often evaporates, and once in the atmosphere it cools down and amalgamates. Once this happens, it drops back to earth as rain. This is the source of water that is mostly relied upon by both humans and animals world over for survival.

#3 Glaciers

3 - These are the 5 main natural water sources
When different snow falls accumulate over a long period of time, let’s say millennia, they form glaciers. These glaciers are responsible for producing rock flour which is the material that makes glacial lakes appear blue in color. The water produced from glaciers is free of salt and minerals.

#4 Surface Water

4 - These are the 5 main natural water sources
Surface water is basically rainfall or ice melt that accumulates on the earth’s surface to form lakes, rivers, streams and ponds. In most cases, these will be sources of fresh water unless the lake lacks an outlet then it becomes salty.This is another source of water heavily relied upon by both humans and animals.

#5 Ground water

5 - These are the 5 main natural water sources
When water makes its way into the earth mostly via the porous soil as well as rock fractures, it ends up collecting in underground reservoirs. This water can then be used provided it has not been exposed to contaminants underground.

We trust this has been some helpful piece of information.