Because of the existence of many contaminants, water from natural sources is often not safe for human consumption unless it first goes through some form of purification. It’s only after this has been done that you can drink the water.
Let’s take a look at 4 simple techniques of water purification.
Boiling the water
Boiling water is one of the most reliable ways of purifying water. Exposing the water to high temperatures will kill most known contaminants thereby making the water safe for drinking. It’s one of the easiest water purification techniques that is used world over.
Purification using iodine
Using iodine either, its solution or its tablet form is another effective technique of water purification. Iodine has the capability of killing a wide range of bacteria and viruses that are known to contaminate water. The only downside is that it may leave water with an aftertaste that most people don’t like.
Purification using chlorine
Chlorine is a chemical element with the ability to kill bacteria. It’s one of the widest used water purification techniques globally. The only point of caution is that chlorine can also be poisonous if used in excess quantities therefore plenty of caution is necessary.
Use ofultraviolet light
Ultraviolet light is known to have bacteria killing properties therefore making it a good technique for water purification. You are simply required to run your ultraviolet light above your water for a couple of minutes and it will eliminate the bacteria. This is a convenient water purification method because your UV source is mostly portable meaning you can carry it around with you.
All these methods are effective when cleaning clear water, however, when dealing with unclear water, you will need to first filter it to remove all solid contaminants then apply any of the above purification methods. These are purification techniques that can be applied in any part of the world and will make the water safe for human consumption.